Three groups of middle schoolers from Oakland, California, sat patiently on a downed log near a grove of eucalyptus trees, looking out through a light drizzle towards the Pacific Ocean. Each group of five represented a Generation. They were told that within the grove was a "resource" for each group to use as it saw fit. The expressions on their faces as each generation finished its turn in the grove said it all: Generation 1 had giddy, guilty smiles; Generation 2 displayed stony annoyance; and Generation 3 looked vaguely confused by the whole endeavor.
Jackie from Generation 2 broke the silence: "I didn't get any M & M®s!" This was true — Generation 1 had ripped open the resource, a small bag of the colorful candies, and gobbled them up. Generation 2 found a ripped bag containing three candies — which was difficult to share — and Generation 3 was left with a candy wrapper torn into three pieces.
The ensuing discussion was lively and touched on issues of justice, resource and land management, governmental regulation, and obligations of one generation to the next. Not in so many words, but that's what they were talking about. For the children involved, the issues were visceral, immediate, and personal. Lorenzo from Generation 3 was annoyed that he had to clean up after Generations 1 and 2 without reward, but allowed that the "rules" of the activity didn't require that candy be left for him. Darren from Generation 1 expressed some remorse for not sharing, but admitted that he might do the same thing again. Michelle from Generation 2 insisted that the adults should have made sure that everyone got some candy, saying, "It's just not fair!"
So What Was Learned?
It's hard to say definitively. No consensus, "right answer," or shared view was reached. The situation forced students to look at their own actions as well as reflecting on the actions of others. The ethical and practical ramifications were experienced rather than taught.
Integrating Environmental Ethics at Camp
Camps embrace the critical role that they play in the development of social skills and values, such as treating one another honestly and openly. We expect and model respect in interpersonal dealings, from staff to camper, between staff members, from camper to camper, and from staff to the general public and vendors, etc. Environmental ethics should be similarly "universal" in a camp setting. It is not just the program staff that demonstrates environmental ethics or even a bunch of additional activities like "Generations." Shouldn't environmental ethics mean operating a camp that walks its talk rather than relying on our naturalists or counselors to impart our environmental messages? To be truly ethical, we must integrate environmental ethics throughout our camp: in our kitchen, throughout our facilities, in our marketing materials, and in our purchasing decisions.
Obviously, it isn't as simple as saying that environmental ethics should be integrated throughout camp. Obstacles are both practical and philosophical: how much will this philosophy cost us and what exactly do environmental ethics mean for each individual camp? Camps are as diverse as the campers that they serve. How one camp chooses to explore or model environmental ethics will be quite different from the next. Further, different campers (not to mention alumni, staff, parents, and donors) require different messages. Since many camps have 501(c)3 organization status, it is important not to wear our politics or advocacy causes too visibly on our sleeves.
The YMCA Point Bonita Outdoor & Conference Center's main youth program is our Outdoor Education Program, which serves thousands of children each year. With the caveats that we are not perfect and that what works for us may or may not work at other camps, we will relate our experiences as we have committed to becoming a "greener" business, and we have been certified by our county as a green business. Most camps can probably identify with a few of our constraints: a wide range of clients, razor-thin profit margins, and limited staff time.
Conserve Resources, Reduce Waste
Similarly, when we installed new paper towel dispensers, we chose a more hygienic model that dispensed towels one at a time. Coincidentally, the new dispensers prompted customers to use fewer towels — making them more cost effective and sustainable. Or, outdated conference room chairs that are still presentable migrate to dormitory rooms rather than tossing them into a dumpster to buy newer, flashier chairs for the rooms.
Examples like this tell the story of our gradual move toward green business status. Our site is a historical Nike Missile Base in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, and the National Park Service must approve any modifications. Neither our lease nor our budget will allow us to raze our buildings to put in showcase-perfect sustainable materials. Instead, our move to ever greater sustainability is much more incremental: we have to look at all of our capital improvements and business practices through the lens of how we impact our site, our community, and our clients.
Play and Learn Outdoors
For many children, a full day spent in nature is a new and eye-opening experience. Often the groups are gone from 10 a.m. until 4 p.m. and eat picnic lunches on the trail. Rather than asking our food service staff to prepare 80-150 lunches, we have each child make his/her own sandwich and lunch before the morning departure, choosing peanut butter and jelly sandwiches or, for the more adventurous, hummus and pita bread pocket sandwiches. When the children choose and carry the contents of their own lunches, they tend to eat more and waste less.
Certified as Green
Two years ago, we were certified as a Green Business, in a county program that recognizes businesses that exceed established standards for energy and water conservation and waste reduction. We found that many of our cost-saving measures were also Green Business practices. Last year, with the financing of county-sponsored rebates, a local contractor installed compact fluorescent fixtures in our kitchen. Throughout the process, we have been pleasantly surprised by the ease of implementation and level of enthusiasm from guests and our community: being a Certified Green Business has been an effective marketing strategy.
Certainly we have a long way to go. But, we don't expect to be perfect. We would be setting ourselves and our budget up for great disappointment if we did. Rather, we see our efforts to be a green business as a process, where each increment of change is good. And in honestly modeling and discussing the process with visitors, we engage them so they too can learn from our experience. Once the topic arises, they often suggest areas where we can improve, like fixing a leaky faucet in the dormitories. Rather than feeling guilty for what we can't do, we celebrate each step along our green path.
Grace Reddy has worked in newspapers, public relations, and at other nonprofits. She was drawn to work at the YMCA Point Bonita by its stunning location and green philosophy. Three years later, that green ethic