Bibliographies of Camp-related Research
Children's Cognitions Pertaining to Developmental Issues and Adjustment at Summer Camp
Chesner, Stuart Perry
Thesis. Case Western Reserve University 1987
Examine children's cognitions pertaining to parental psychological control, the child's own sense of ability and control, and peer status as related to residential camp adjustment.
85 children (41 male, 44 female), ages 8-11 and 28 adolescents (12 male, 16 female), ages 14-16, attending a 4-week residential summer camp. Subjects were all white, Jewish-Americans.
Pre-, post-test. Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), Coping Inventory, Children's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory Psychological Control Scale Short Form (CRPBISF), Perceived Competence Scale for Children, Children's Nowicki-Strickland Internal External LOC Scale (CNS-IE), Perceptions of Peer Status Scale (POPS).
- Children who perceived parents as psychologically controlling were less adaptive and more depressed.
- Children who perceived themselves as less socially competent and with less internal control were less adaptive and more depressed.
- Children who perceived less peer acceptance were less adaptive and more depressed.
- Children's perceptions of physical competence and general ability were associated with counselor post-test ratings of adaptive behavior. Not related to counselor adaptive behavior pre-test ratings.
- No significant association between children's perceptions of parental control and perceptions of his/her social and physical competence.
- Weak negative relationship between children's self reported depression and counselor adaptive behavior evaluations.
- High negative relation of adolescent perceptions of self competence, locus of control and peer acceptance to depression and adaptive behavior.
- Adolescent's perceptions of cognitive competence not related to counselor evaluations of adjustment.
- Post-test adolescent perceptions of maternal psychological control significantly related to depression. No significant relation detected between post-test perceptions of paternal psychological control and depression.