Bibliographies of Camp-related Research
A comparison of social, personal, and physical development of males and females exposed to a day camp environment.
Doctoral Dissertation, University of New Mexico, 1970.
Determine the effects of a six-week day camp experience on the social-personal adjustment and physical fitness levels of boys and girls.
Subjects: 118 males and females ages 9-12.
Camp Affiliation: Indian Springs Day Camp in Chester Springs, PA.
Design: non-randomized pre-test/post-test design with control group.
- 48 subjects in experimental group (24 male, 24 female) attended a five-day/week, six-week day camp. 70 subjects in control group (35 male, 35 female) did not participate in any organized program during the time of the study.
- Camp program was a typical day camp program. No special emphasis was given to fitness development other than regular camp activities (swimming, crafts, sports activities, etc.). There was no description of any activities designed specifically to enhance social-personal development.
- California Test of Personality used to measure social-personal adjustment
- AAHPERD Youth Fitness Test used to measure physical fitness
Data Analysis: ANCOVA on mean gain scores.
- Campers experienced significantly greater growth in social-personal adjustment and physical fitness than did subjects in the control group.
- Female campers showed significantly greater growth in social-personal adjustment and improvement in physical fitness than control group females.
- Male campers showed significantly greater improvement in physical fitness than control group males, but no differences were found on social-personal adjustment.
- No difference between male and female campers on social-personal adjustment growth or fitness.