Bibliographies of Camp-related Research
A Summer Day Camp to Develop Cultural Esteem in Youth and Staff.
Unpublished master's thesis, California State University, Long Beach, 1977.
Determine the effect of a seven-week summer day camp on cultural pride and self-esteem.
18 youth ages 8-14; 49 staff members ages 15-21. Cultural groups included: African American, Chicano, Filipino, Caucasian, Samoan, and Guamanian.
Camp Program: included art, music, and other traditional cultural activities of the groups represented.
Design: Pre-test/post-test with control group.
- Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory
- Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory
- Draw-A-Person Test
Data Analysis: ANOVA on Coopersmith and Rosenberg scales, professional psychologist raters for Draw-A-Person Test.
No significant differences between groups on any of the tests. Researcher attributed the lack of findings to the fact that the tests are not designed for cross-cultural application and small sample size.