Camp-related Research Bibliographies and Theses

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

ACA Scholarly Publications Bibliography (written by ACA staff and collaborators - updated March 2014)

Choose bibliography topic from the list below. All topics are in MS Word format (some updating in process).

Published dissertations and theses may be purchased through Bell & Howell. For more information on this service, see their web site at

Anshel, M. H., Muller, D. & Owens, V.L.
Effect of a Sports Camp Experience on the Multidimensional Self-Concepts of Boys

Ardell, D.B.
High-Level Wellness at Camp

Baker, Lester James
Impact of the Onset of Puberty on Self Image and Behavior

Belknap, Richards, and Belknap
Parental feedback in the evaluation of a camp for disadvantages children: The Camp Limberlost project.

Brandt, G., Maschoff, T., & Chandler, N.S.
A Residential Camp Experience as an Approach to Adolescent Weight Management

Bredemeier, B.J., Weiss, M.R., Shields, D.L., & Shewchuck, R.M.
Promoting Moral Growth in a Summer Sport Camp: The Implementation of Theoretically Grounded Instructional Strategies

Bultena, G.L.
Impacts of Wilderness Camping on Youth's Self-conceptions: An Interactionist Perspective

Butterfield, G.B. and Woods, R.
Self Actualization and Improvement in Tennis Skills at Summer Camps for Adolescents

Carlson, J.E. and Baumgartner, D.
The Effects of Natural Resource Camps on Youths

Carlson, M.K.
A Study of the Influence of a Resident Outdoor Education Experience on Intermediate Level Children's Perceptions of Peers and Perceptions of the Out-of-Doors

Chenery, Mary Faeth
Psychological and Situational Variables in the Summer Camp Setting

Chenery, M.F.  
A Sampler of Qualitative Research in Organized Camping

Chenery, M.F.  
Effects of Summer Camp on Child Development and Contributions of Counselors to Those Effects

Chesner, Stuart Perry.   
Children's Cognitions Pertaining to Developmental Issues and Adjustment at Summer Camp

Coons, E.M.  
A Two-week Resident Camp Offering the Primary Objective of Predetermined Attitude Change for Early Adolescents

Coren, B.E.  
A Comparison of Social, Personal, and Physical Development of Males and Females Exposed to a Day Camp Environment

Cowin, L.  
Programming and self-concept: How Does What You Do Affect How They Feel About Themselves?

Cox, James C. -Editor.  
Proceedings of a Symposium on Year-Round School

Crompton, J.L. and Sellar, S.  
Do Outdoor Education Experiences Contribute to Positive Development in the Affective Domain

Crume, C. and Lang, G. 
An Analysis of the Camp Wallace, Camp Currie, and Camp Webb Studies: The Dimensions of Self-concept and Wilderness Anxiety Among Fifth and Sixth Grade Campers Attending a Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Camp

Dana, R.H. and Cocking, R.R.  
The Effects of Summer Camp Experience on Male Adolescent Diabetics

Davidson, M.
Changes in self-concepts and sociometric status of fifth and sixth grade children as a result of two different school curricula

Davis, K.C.
Enhancing Life Options for Low Income African-American Children

Dickerson, Laverne Thornton.  
The Relationship of the Youth Conservation Corps Experience to Selected Dimensions of Adolescents' Self-Concept

Dickey, M.R.  
Efficacy of a Summer Day Camp Program Intervention on Social Skills

Dilley, Allen Lyle.  
The Effect of Summer Band Camp Experience on Selected Aspects of Musical Competency

Dorian, A.E., & Chambliss, C.  
The Effects of Camp Experience on Self Esteem

Dreikurs, S.G.  
Psychological Techniques Applied in a Group Situation: An Experiment in Group Work

Dresner, M., & Gill, M.  
Environmental Education at Summer Nature Camp

Duke, M., and others. 
Effects of Sports Fitness Camp Experience on Locus of Control Orientation in Children, Ages 6-14

Edwards, Cynthia Allen.
Leadership, Social Networks and Personal Attributes in School Age Girls

Elicker, James Gerald.
Individual Differences in Thinking About Self and Peers in Preadolescence

Englund, Michelle Marie.
The Contribution of Family and Peer Relationships to the Development of Social Competence in Adolescence

Evans, F.F. 
The effects of a summer camp arithmetic enrichment program

Evans, Piromrak Karnsaway.  
Self Esteem of Young Children in a Camp Situation

Feldman, R.A.  
An Experimental Study of Conformity Behavior as a Small Group Phenomenon

Feldman, R.A., Wodarski, J.S., and Flax, N.  
Antisocial Children in a Summer Camp Environment: A Time-Sampling Study

Fichman, L., Koestner, R., & Zuroff, D.G.   
Dependency and Distress at Summer Camp

Finch, J.G.  
Attitudes of Children Without Disabilities Toward Peers with Disabilities: The Effect of Contact in a Summer Camp Program

Fletcher, S.A.
A Comparison of Affective Changes Between Economically Disadvantages and Advantaged Sixth Graders at a Resident Outdoor Program

Flynn, T.M., & Beasleym J.  
An Experimental Study of the Effects of Competition on the Self-Concept

Fry, Lincoln Jacob.  
An Evaluation of Mississippi State University's Summer Scholar Program

Gans, Cheryl F.  
Spirituality in Organized Camping

Gerrard, J., & Heins, T.  
Evaluating Summer Camps 1979: Problems of Measuring Behavior Change in Children

Gillis, H.L. and Thomsen, D.  
A Research Update of Adventure Therapy (1992-1995): Challenge activities and ropes courses, Wilderness expeditions, and residential camping programs.

Grayson, Randall C.  
Self Esteem Change and a Summer Camp Experience

Gruber, B.K.  
The Effects of Integrated Summer Day Camp Programs on Children Without Disabilities

Hanna, N.A., & Berndt, T.  
Relations Between Friendship, Group Acceptance, and Evaluations of Summer Camp

Hanna, Nancy Arlene.  
Predictors of Peer Relationships and Adaption to Summer Camp

Hazelworth, M.S., Wilson, B.E.  
The Effects of an Outdoor Adventure Camp Experience on Self-Concept

Hilborn, Lisa L.  
The Effects of a Self-Management Asthma Education Program and a Physical Activity Asthma Program on the Self-Concept Level of 8-12 year old Children with Asthma

Hollenbeck, I.E.
A Report of an Oregon School Camp with Program Emphasis Upon Outdoor Science Experiences

Holmes, R.M.
A Summer Day Camp to Develop Cultural Esteem in Youth and Staff

Hourcade, J.  
Effects of a Summer Camp Program on Self-Concept of Mentally Retarded Young Adults

Hughes, H.M.  
Behavior Change in Children at a Therapeutic Summer Camp as a Function of Feedback Plus Individual and Group Contingencies

Hung, D.W. and Thelander, M J.  
Summer camp treatment program for autistic children

Hunt, Burl.  
An Analysis of the Influence of Summer Camp Experiences in Developing or Changing Certain Behavior Patterns of Secondary School Pupils

Huston, A.C., Carpenter, C.J., Atwater, J.B., & Johnson, L.M.  
Gender, Adult Structuring of Activities and Social Behavior in Middle Childhood

Hwalek, Melanie and Margaret E. Minnick.  
Girls, Families and Communities Grow Through Girl Scouting

Iada, M., Imura, H., & van der Smissen, B.  
The Impact of Short-Term Adventure Camp on Self-Concept and Anxiety in Japanese Early Adolescents

Janus, S.
Personality Factors and Their Relationship to Adjustment in a Camping Situation.

Keller, H. R., et-al.  
Interrelationships Among Decentering and Behavioral Ratings in a Therapeutic Camp Setting

Kishton, J.M., & Dixon, A.C.  
Self Perception Changes Among Sports Camp Participants

Konle, M.C. The Effects of a Short-term Reading Study Program Involving Some Camp-style Living on Reading Achievement, Self-concept, and Attitudes Toward Reading

Kranzer, H.C.
Effects of School Camping on Selected Aspects of Pupil Behavior - - An Experimental Study

Krieger, W.  
The Effects of An Organized Camping Experience on Self-concept Change in Relation to Three Variables: Age, Sex, and Observable Behavior Change.

Kurtz, G. Brian.  
Personality Enhancement and the Summer Camp Experience

Larson, B.A.  
An Examination of the Effects of Participation in an Adventure Camp Program on the Self-concept of Adolescents with Behavioral Problems

Leffert, Nancy and Rabbi Hayim Herring.  
Shema: Listening to Jewish Youth

Lutkemeier, D.M.  
Self Concept Change Among Adolescents with Myelomeningocele in Response to a Summer Camp Experience

Marks, R.J.  
A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Group Camping Experiences on Change of Self-concept for Campers with Professional and Non-professional leaders

Marsh, Paul E.  
What Does Camp Do For Kids?: A Meta-Analysis of the Organized Camping Experience on the Self Constructs of Youth

McAvoy, Leo H. et al -Editors.   
Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Third Research Symposium Proceedings

McDonough, H., and others.   
Camping and its Relationship to Other Social Institutions in the Future

Minoru, I. 
Independence of Japanese Kindergarten Children Associated with a Five-day Resident Camp

Montgomery, W.H.
A Comparative Study of Children in a Summer Day Camp for Sensory Motor Development

Motsiff, P.J.
The Effect of a Specialized Summer Camp on the Self-concept of Children Living with a Chronic Illness

Myers, C.S.  
Encouraging the Dancing Eyes of Children

Myers, Carol Smith.  
The Influence of the Tent Counselor on the Creativity of Children in a Residential Camp

Myers, Judith Lay.  
The Association Between Leadership Components of the Resident Camp Experience and Camper Development in Self-Concept, Interpersonal Affect, and Environmental Attitude

Nielson, B.  
An Attempt to Make a Difference: Overlooked Disadvantaged Gifted Appalachian Children

Oakley, L.E.  
Camp Lotsafun: A Pre and Post Evaluation of Mentally Handicapped Citizens as a Function of an Enriched Summer Camp Experience

O'Halloran, Paul David.  
Social Skills Intervention in a Residential Summer Camp Setting for Children with Learning Disabilities

Parker, J.G., & Seal, J.  
Forming, Losing, Renewing, and Replacing Friendships: Applying Temporal Parameters to the Assessment of   Children's Friendship Experience

Pohl, R.E.  
An Examination of Severely Retarded Children's Behavior at Two Different Residential Settings.

Portnoy, Edmund Hillel.  
The Relationship of Psychological Type to the Sociometric Choices of Junior High Students Involved in a Leadership Camp

Portnoy, S., Halpern, P.D., & Linblad, M.   
A Comprehensive Cognitively and Affectively Enriched Summer Day Camp for Inner-City Children

Presbyterian Panel.  
Christian Education and Nurture: The August 1992 Presbyterian Panel

Rawson, H.E. and McIntosh, D.   
Does Camping Really Lead to Changes in Self-Esteem?

Ritter, D. and Mock, T.  
Carryover Effects of a Summer Therapeutic Daycamp Program on Children's Classroom Behavior: A One-year Follow-up

Rohrbacher, Richard.  
The Influence of a Special Camp Program for Obese Boys on Weight Loss, Self Concept and Body Image

Rosen, Elliott Joseph.  
Tikvah: A Special Program of Integrated Summer Camping and its Effects Upon Emotionally Disturbed Adolescents and Their Normal Peers

Ross, D.M. and Driver, B.L.  
Benefits of Residential and Nonresidential Youth Summer Camps

Rubinstein, Ruth Peles.   
A Comparison of Self Esteem, Anxiety and Use of Health Services in Two Social Environments

Rubinstein, R.P.   
Changes in Self-Esteem and Anxiety in Competitive and Noncompetitive Camps

Santos-Ortiz, Maria del Carmen.  
Impact of the Verna Summer Camp on the State-Trait Anxiety, Asthma Knowledge and Self Concept in a Group of Puerto Rican Asthmatic Children

Senior, B.E. 
A Sociometric Study of Children of Different Socioeconomic Levels in an Interracial, Interreligious Camp

Sexter, J.S.  
Adjustment of Educable Mentally Retarded Children in Integrated and Segregated Residential Summer Camp Settings and Attitudes of Normal Children and Camp Staff Members Toward Educable Mentally Retarded Children

Shaw, M.J.
The Educational Effectiveness of the Traveling School Camp

Sherman, Barbara Springs.  
An Investigation into the Relationship Between Role Taking and Aggression in Elementary School Age Children

Sheskin, Ira M.  
The Blue Star Impact: Evaluating 50 Years of Blue Star's Mission

Skipper, K.C.  
A Comprehensive Evaluation of a Therapeutic Camping Intervention For Emotionally Disturbed Boys

Southam, M., Kirkley, B., Murchison, A., and Berkowitz, R.  
A Summer Day Camp Approach to Adolescent Weight Loss

Steel, David Townsend.  
The Effects of Physical Skills and Academic Self Concepts on General Self Concept and Academic Achievement in a Summer Camp Environment

Strickland, M. A.  
The Use of the Residential Summer Camp for Promoting Responsible Environmental Behavior Through Environmental Education.

Thomases, D., Larson, C, and Powers, J.  
Impact of a Preschool Residential Camp Program on School Readiness Skills

Ulrey, G.L.  
Effects of an Outdoor Educational Experience on Children's Locus of Control and Performance on Physical Tasks

Unkovic, C.M., Brown, W.R., & Mierswa, C.G.   
Counterattack on Juvenile Delinquency: A Configurational Approach

Ward, Dover, Porter, and Schumaker.  
Carryover effects of a summer therapeutic daycamp program on children's classroom behavior: A one-year follow-up

Warder, Donald Scott.  
Self Concepts and Activity Preference of Participants of Seven Organized Summer Outdoor Residential Camps

Wealand, C. William.   
Camper Attitude Assessment: An Evaluation of Outdoor Ministries

Weatherly, Mark Givens.  
The Opinions of Parents Regarding the Change in Attitudes, Concepts, and Personal Adjustment of Their Sons  Through Personal Counseling at Summer Camps

Wodarski, J.S.  
A Comparison of Behavioral Consistency of Anti-Social and Pro-Social Children in Different Contexts

Wright, A.  
The Effects of High Adventure Activities on Adolescent Self-concept

Yellott, A.W.  
Two Preventively Oriented Summer Day-camp Programs: Effects on children and high school counselors

Zaccone, P.R.  
The Efficacy of Physical Activity Programs for Overweight Pre-adults at Specialized Camps

Zorumski, C.H.  
The Effects of Self-care Training on the Self-concept, Self-care, and Metabolic Control of Diabetic Children