Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Self Actualization and Improvement in Tennis Skills at Summer Camps for Adolescents
Butterfield, G.B. and Woods, R.
Adolescence, 15.58 (1981) 429-434

Determine if there was any improvement in tennis skills and state of self-actualization as a result of participation in a four week residential summer camp.

Males and females, ages 15 and 16, enrolled in two coed four week tennis instructional program sessions. 31 subjects in first camp session, 27 in second camp session. No information on the number of males and females in each group.

Pre-test, Post-test.  Personal Orientation Inventory, tennis skills test.  The data were analyzed using one way ANOVA.

Campers in session one:

  • Significantly higher self-actualization scores (p < .01) at the end of the session
  • Significant improvement in becoming more autonomous and self-supportive and less dependency or deficiency oriented.
  • Significant improvement in total tennis stroke scores (p < .05).

No significant results for campers in session two.