Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Children's Cognitions Pertaining to Developmental Issues and Adjustment at Summer Camp
Chesner, Stuart Perry
Thesis. Case Western Reserve University 1987

Purpose:
Examine children's cognitions pertaining to parental psychological control, the child's own sense of ability and control, and peer status as related to residential camp adjustment.

Sample:
85 children (41 male, 44 female), ages 8-11 and 28 adolescents (12 male, 16 female), ages 14-16, attending a 4-week residential summer camp. Subjects were all white, Jewish-Americans.

Methods/Instruments:
Pre-, post-test. Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), Coping Inventory, Children's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory Psychological Control Scale Short Form (CRPBISF), Perceived Competence Scale for Children, Children's Nowicki-Strickland Internal External LOC Scale (CNS-IE), Perceptions of Peer Status Scale (POPS).

Results:

  • Children who perceived parents as psychologically controlling were less adaptive and more depressed.
  • Children who perceived themselves as less socially competent and with less internal control were less adaptive and more depressed.
  • Children who perceived less peer acceptance were less adaptive and more depressed.
  • Children's perceptions of physical competence and general ability were associated with counselor post-test ratings of adaptive behavior. Not related to counselor adaptive behavior pre-test ratings.
  • No significant association between children's perceptions of parental control and perceptions of his/her social and physical competence.
  • Weak negative relationship between children's self reported depression and counselor adaptive behavior evaluations.
  • High negative relation of adolescent perceptions of self competence, locus of control and peer acceptance to depression and adaptive behavior.
  • Adolescent's perceptions of cognitive competence not related to counselor evaluations of adjustment.
  • Post-test adolescent perceptions of maternal psychological control significantly related to depression. No significant relation detected between post-test perceptions of paternal psychological control and depression.

 

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