Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research


The Effects of Summer Camp Experience on Male Adolescent Diabetics
Dana, R.H. and Cocking, R.R.
Rehabilitation Research and Practice Review, 2 .3 (1981) 29-37

Determine the effects of a four week residential summer camp experience on the self concept, independence, self-reliance, and competence of adolescent boys.

21 adolescent boys. The subjects were divided into a non-diabetic group (n=6) and the diabetic group (n=15). No difference in the mean age of the boys in the two groups. Age ranges were not reported. Non-diabetic group all from towns in Wyoming, diabetic group from both rural and urban settings in nine different states. Survival and wilderness camp.

Quantitative: The following tests were administered three times (at the beginning of the camp experience, after camp, and six months later): Draw-A-Person, Sentence Completion, Symonds Picture Story Test, Second Homonym Test, California Psychological Inventory(CPI). Qualitative: Incident reports by counselors and camper evaluations.

Quantitative Results:
CPI Score Results:

  • Minor pre-test differences in CPI scores between diabetic and non-diabetic groups. Non-diabetic boys scored higher on sociability.
  • Mean sociability scores of both groups were almost the same by the end of camp.
  • Non-diabetic boys became more dominant after the camp experience, while the diabetic boys decreased in dominance.
  • Post-test data suggested positive changes in the self-control, social presence, and ability to make a good impression in the non-diabetic boys.
  • Diabetic boys: decrease in poise, ascendancy, and self-assurance and increase in socialization, maturity, and responsibility between post-camp and follow-up
  • Both groups: significant decrease in CPI scores on the follow-up tests.
  • No differences between diabetic and non-diabetic groups between pre-test and post-test on the SCT , Draw-A-Person, Homonym, and Symonds Picture Story Test.

Qualitative Results:

  • All participants reported that the camp experience was rugged and stressful.
  • Eight diabetic and six non-diabetic boys reported enjoying and benefiting from camp.
  • Seven diabetic campers reported no positive results from camp experience. The boys reported resenting the camp regimentation and discipline.

Incident Reports:

  • Non-diabetic boys enjoyed and learned more from camp than diabetic boys. Non-diabetic boys seemed better able to perform the required activities and learn new skills.
  • Diabetic boys seemed physically weaker with less endurance. Six diabetic boys unable to keep up with the physically demanding activities.