Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Individual Differences in Thinking About Self and Peers in Preadolescence: The Influence of Attachment History
Elicker, James Gerald
Thesis. University of Minnesota 1991

Explore relationships between infant-parent attachment histories and the way preadolescents think about and evaluate experiences with peer groups.

46 children (23 males, 23 females), grades 3-9, selected from a 12 year longitudinal study of children born to mothers considered to be at risk for parenting problems . The longitudinal study included mother-child relationship assessments at 12 and 18 months as well as follow up assessments conducted throughout the school years. Selection criteria for subjects in this study were included attachment histories, gender, and participation in Minnesota Preschool Project,  Attachment group breakdown by number of subjects:

  1. 11 - Anxious-Avoidant
  2. 25 - Secure
  3. 10 - Anxious-Resistant

Measurements included: Social cognition interview, interpersonal differentiation, depth of psychological inference, self-peer group representations, peer group evaluation bias, social prediction bias, level of interpersonal understanding, positive effect and verbal measures.


  • Secure attachment subjects displayed a high degree of interpersonal sensitivity, high peer competence (social skills), and no negative peer evaluation bias (performance rating of own group vs. unfamiliar group).
  • Anxious-Resistant subjects demonstrated low peer competence, high interpersonal sensitivity and intermediate peer evaluation bias.
  • Anxious-Avoidant subjects displayed low peer competence, low interpersonal sensitivity and relatively negative peer evaluation bias.