Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Self Esteem Change and a Summer Camp Experience.
Longitudinal Study of Self-Esteem Before and After a Summer Camp Experience.

Grayson, Randall C.
Claremont Graduate University. not dated

Assess change in self-esteem of campers attending a summer camp with programming designed for that effect.

59 children (29 male, 30 female), ages 9-15, attending a 3-week coed summer camp. 17 subjects attended two 3-week sessions.

Pre-, post-test, 6 month follow up, Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale give to counselors, Open-ended questionnaire given to campers and counselors at the end of camp, short answer questionnaire given to parents at pre-test and 6-month follow up.


  • Significant increase in self-esteem scores between pre-test and post-test, maintained at the 6-month follow up.
  • Smaller size of change score for subjects that have attended camp for more than 2 summers.
  • Subjects with higher pre-test self-esteem scores had a lower post-test mean change score.
  • No relationship found between counselor self-esteem and camper self-esteem.