Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

A Summer Day Camp to Develop Cultural Esteem in Youth and Staff. 
Holmes, R.M.
Unpublished master's thesis, California State University, Long Beach, 1977.

Determine the effect of a seven-week summer day camp on cultural pride and self-esteem.

18 youth ages 8-14; 49 staff members ages 15-21. Cultural groups included: African American, Chicano, Filipino, Caucasian, Samoan, and Guamanian.

Camp Program: included art, music, and other traditional cultural activities of the groups represented.

Design: Pre-test/post-test with control group.


  • Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory
  • Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory
  • Draw-A-Person Test

Data Analysis: ANOVA on Coopersmith and Rosenberg scales, professional psychologist raters for Draw-A-Person Test.

No significant differences between groups on any of the tests. Researcher attributed the lack of findings to the fact that the tests are not designed for cross-cultural application and small sample size.