Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

The effects of a short-term reading study program involving some camp-style living on reading achievement, self-concept, and attitudes toward reading.
Konle, M.C.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Marquette University, 1976.

Determine the effects of participation in a short-term reading-study program in a week-long camp experience on reading achievement levels, attitude toward reading, and self-concept of high school freshmen.

46 ninth grade students from Wisconsin who scored in the 36th percentile or below on the Iowa Silent Reading Test.

Camp Program: simple small group camp-type living and reading instruction in a rural setting. A six-week prescriptive reading development program followed this experience.


  • Iowa Silent Reading Test - measured reading achievement
  • Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale
  • Iowa Silent Reading Test Reading Survey - measured attitude toward reading

Design: post-test only control group design for reading achievement; pre-test/post-test with control group design for self-concept measure.

Data Analysis:

  • ANCOVA for reading achievement data analysis
  • t-test for self-concept data analysis
  • Chi-Square analysis on attitude data


  • No significant differences between groups on reading achievement.
  • No significant differences between groups on self-concept.
  • A significantly greater number of treatment group subjects answered "yes" to the question "Do you need extra help in reading?"
  • Informal Observations:
    • Researcher commented that the camp experience offered opportunities for teachers to observe and increase understanding of the students as whole persons.
    • Parents expressed appreciation for the program.
    • A few students made large gains in reading ability.
    • Some students were motivated to learn to read better.