Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Tikvah: A Special Program of Integrated Summer Camping and its Effects Upon Emotionally Disturbed Adolescents and Their Normal Peers
Rosen, Elliott Joseph
Dissertation. Columbia University 1974

Examine the effects of a summer camp intervention program on the social and emotional growth of emotionally disturbed youth and their normal peers attitudes toward them.

251 adolescents. 131 "normal" adolescents attending an integrated camp program with 30 emotionally disturbed adolescents. The "normal" subjects were given the opportunity to volunteer as tutors for the emotionally disturbed subjects. 90 adolescents attending a similar camp program without the inclusion of emotionally disturbed subjects served as the control group.

Interrupted time series design. Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI), Children's Internal Versus External Test (CIE), Social Report Card (SRC) and Integration Level Report (ILR) both developed for this study, Attitude Toward Disabled Persons Scale (ATDP), Echo Value Cards.


  • Increased self-esteem and internal locus of control in emotionally disturbed subjects.
  • Significant overall improvement in social competency ratings.
  • No significant changes in normal peer attitude toward the emotionally disturbed adolescents.