Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

The Effects of Physical Skills and Academic Self Concepts on General Self Concept and Academic Achievement in a Summer Camp Environment
Steel, David Townsend
Thesis. Michigan State University 1969

Purpose:
Examine the effects of a specific educational treatments on the self-esteem and academic achievement of educable mentally retarded children.

Sample:
62 mentally retarded children were involved in the study. 31 students were placed in experimental groups and further split into two groups. 1 group attended a 4-week day camp designed to improve academic self-concept, one group attended a 4-week day camp designed to improve physical skills self-concept. The control group did not attend camp.

Methods/Instruments:
Pre-test prior to camp, post-test immediately following camp, 3 month follow up. Wide Range (academic) Achievement Tests, Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, Michigan State Self-Concept of Ability Scale-General.

Results:

  • Control group and both experimental groups had reduced self-concept scores on first post-test.
  • Significantly less immediate regression in self-concept scores for experimental groups as compared to control group.
  • No significant differences between experimental groups in immediate gains in self-concept.
  • No significant differences between experimental groups and control group in immediate gains in academic achievement.
  • No significant differences between experimental groups in immediate gains in academic achievement.
  • No significant differences between experimental groups and control group in long term gains in general self-concept.
  • No significant differences between experimental groups in long term gains in general self-concept.
  • No significant differences between experimental groups and control group in long term gains in academic achievement.
  • Significant difference between experimental groups in long term gain in academic achievement. The experimental group receiving the physical skills treatment had significantly more long term gain in academic achievement.
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