Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

Bibliographies of Camp-related Research

The effects of high adventure activities on adolescent self-concept
Wright, A.
A paper presented at the American Camping Association National Convention (New York City, NY, March 1-6, 1982)..

Explore the effect of high adventure activities on adolescent self-concept.

Subjects were participants in a nine-week travel camp.


  • Method: participation in a nine-week high adventure camp whose activities included a summit ascent of Mt. Rainier, other mountain climbing experience, and whitewater rafting.
  • Instruments: Tennessee Self Concept Scale, Gough Adjective Check List, staff evaluation of participants, a demographic information survey, and high adventure experience questionnaire.
  • Design: Pre-test/post-test on Tennessee Self Concept Scale and pre-test/mid-test/post-test on Gough Adjective Checklist.
  • Data Analysis: ANOVA for correlated groups, small correlated t-tests, Pearson Product- Moment Coefficient of Correlation.


  • Significant improvements in nine of the ten self concept scales
  • Non-significant positive movement on 23 of the Adjective Checklist scales, with significant positive results on nine.
  • Significant positive relationship between specific views of self and 12 of the Adjective Checklist scales. This result suggests that high adventure activities elicit task-oriented or goal-directed self-evaluations such as self-confidence, taking responsibility, assertiveness, and determination.
  • Relationship between specific views of self and global self views on the post-test, indicating that the self-evaluations from the high adventure activities positively influenced global self views.
  • No significant relationships between change in self-concept and age, gender, family position, birth order, or previous adventure experience.