Resource Library

The 2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care include significant changes. The most significant change to CPR is the ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths — from fifteen compressions for every two rescue breaths in the 2000 guidelines to thirty compressions for every two breaths in the 2005 guidelines. This thirty to two ratio for a single lay rescuer will apply to adults, children, and infants (excluding newborns).

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Personal Flotation Devices, better known as PFDs, help save lives. There is so much evidence of this that the U.S. Coast Guard; almost every state (go to www.boatus.com to find your state requirements); boating organization; and the ACA standards support or require their use for boating activities. In December of 2002, in states where there are no children's PFD laws in place, a Coast Guard interim rule requires that children under thirteen who are on moving boats wear a U.S.

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Lightning Safety Outdoors
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The capricious nature of thunderstorms makes them extremely dangerous; however, following proven lightning safety guidelines can reduce your risk of injury or death. You are ultimately responsible for your personal safety. You have the responsibility to act when threatened by lightning.

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A standard, according to Merriam-Webster, is "something set up and established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, weight, extent, value or quality." (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition.)

Following the American Camp Association's (ACA) recent revision of standards contained in the ACA Accreditation Standards for Camp Programs and Services (1998), we discuss here the broad definition of "standards" and their value and risks to camps and other recreation providers.

What Is a Standard?

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While the ACA Camp Crisis Hotline (800-573-9019) is offered year-round, the majority of calls are received in June, July, and August. Now is a good time to understand how to make the best use of this service available to all ACA camps. It is important to remember the hotline is not a medical, insurance, or legal advice hotline, but it does serve as an "ear" to help you talk through your crisis. The hotline staff can help you think of issues and questions and identify other resources that can assist you.

Hot Issues

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Last summer, two Silver Springs, Maryland, YMCA employees saved the life of a camp member who experienced sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) by quickly using an automated external defibrillator (AED). This year, a sixteen-year-old Boy Scout died from sudden cardiac arrest at an Oregon camp despite efforts to revive him with an AED and CPR. What do these two stories have in common? Both camps possessed AEDs which were used quickly when SCA struck.

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ACA's Healthy Camp Study
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The American Camp Association (ACA) and the Association of Camp Nurses (ACN) have a five-year opportunity to gather illness and injury data from camps (both ACA and non-ACA), thanks to the generosity of Markel Insurance Company, and the skills and systems of The Ohio State University College of Medicine (OSU) and Columbus Children's Research Institute (CCRI).

Why is ACA conducting this study?

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Helpful Resources
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Plan for Your Transportation Program Now

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Many camps allow the use of their facilities by outside parties ("user group"1) — that is, groups and individuals other than customary and traditional campers. These user groups and their events vary greatly — an afternoon wedding and reception, a corporate conference, a family reunion, or an extended stay by another outside group. Arrangements may call for not only the use of camp facilities but the services of camp employees, and participation in certain regular camp activities.

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Managing aquatics can be one of the most challenging jobs at camp. Creating and maintaining a fun environment is only part of the challenge. The real challenge is how to provide that fun safely. While campers and most staff consider water a friendly and exciting place, we should never forget that water can be a "hostile environment."

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E.g., 2020-08-12